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Ressource ID195
TitleGeonames Taiwan (populated places)
AuthorsGeonames (source) Christian Henriot (shapefile)
Resource ProviderChristian Henriot

This is the data about populated places (cities, towns, villages, etc.)  in Taiwan as recorded in Geonames (genonames.org). This is a spatial representation of data points, not a representation of formal state entities. The package includes:
- The Taiwan_Geonames gpkg (QGIS) files (zipped archive): the 95,277 data points for Taiwan.
- The Countries_Natural Earth files (zipped archive): shape file for all countries on the globe (current situation)
- Oceans files (zipped archive): shape file for all sea surface on the globe
- Taiwan_GeonamesP: this is our reference spreadsheet file of the the populated places in Taiwan.

The original Geonames data file includes 19 unlabelled columns. We did not retain all the columns, but we can provide the original data file upon request. The Geonames data is organized in several features classes (column V7 in the original).

A: country, state, region,...
H: stream, lake, ...
L: parks,area, ...
P: city, village,...
R: road, railroad
S: spot, building, farm
T: mountain,hill,rock,...
U: undersea
V: forest,heath,...

In the case of Taiwan, only categories A-T were available.

The Taiwan_Geonames file corresponds to the data filtered by the “P” code in the orignal Geonames file. This designates populated places (see below). We processed the file to extract the Chinese names and place them in a distinct column.

The current file contains 95,277 unique entries, but locations may be duplicated when they appear in the Name_Transl_Geo column under various denominations.

The attribute table of Taiwan_Geonames gpkg package contains the following columns:

  1. Loc_ID: Geonames unique ID
 for the location
  2. Name_ZhT: name of the location in traditional Chinese script.
  3. Name_Py: name of the location in pinyin. This did not exist in the orignal data as a separate information.

  4. Name_Transl_Geo: name of the location in transliteration or English as provided by Geonames
  5. Type2: sub-level of Geonames typology for Populated places

  6. Name_ZhS: name of the location in simplified Chinese character. This was added to the original provided only in traditional Chinese characters.
  7. LAT: Latitude

  8. LONG: Longitude

  9. Google_Earth: comined Lat, LONG values for use in Google Maps/Google Earth
  10. Population: population of the location


Table 1. Distribution of locations by code (see table 2)

Code Number
PPL 92161
PPLX 2483
PPLA2 490
PPLA3 36
NA 1
Grand Total 95276



Table 2. Coding system of Geonames for Populated places

Code Definition Definition 2          
PPL populated place a city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
PPLA seat of a first-order administrative division seat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
PPLA2 seat of a second-order administrative division            
PPLA3 seat of a third-order administrative division            
PPLA4 seat of a fourth-order administrative division            
PPLA5 seat of a fifth-order administrative division            
PPLC capital of a political entity            
PPLCH historical capital of a political entity a former capital of a political entity      
PPLF farm village a populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
PPLG seat of government of a political entity            
PPLH historical populated place a populated place that no longer exists      
PPLL populated locality an area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
PPLQ abandoned populated place            
PPLR religious populated place a populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations
PPLS populated places cities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
PPLW destroyed populated place a village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war  
PPLX section of populated place            


KeywordsGIS, China, Taiwan, shapefile, China_Basics
LanguageChinese, English
file attachment

Taiwan_Geonames.zip (4.05 Mo)

Taiwan_GeonamesP.xlsx (7.32 Mo)

Countries_NaturalEarth.zip (777.06 ko)

Oceans_NaturalEarth.zip (3.03 Mo)

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